Borosilicate glass at the time of its invention that is on the late 19th century by a German glassmaker named Otto Schott was Jena Glass due to the place where it was invented that is Jena a city located inside the state of Thuringia in Germany. This city was founded in 1182 and became the hotspot for the growth of different German optic industries.
What is borosilicate glass made up of?
Borosilicate glass is made up of combining different chemicals or earthen elements like boric oxide commonly referred to as Boron Trioxide is a colorless transparent solid that is an almost glass-like appearance for about 7% to 13%, silica sand about 70% to 80%, soda ash which is commonly referred to as washing soda are odorless white in color and water-soluble, and alumina or aluminum oxide for about 2% to 3% and sometimes potassium oxide which can be replaced by sodium oxide or soda for about 4%.
How to identify borosilicate glass?
The borosilicate glass manufacturers in India must maintain a standard while manufacturing the borosilicate glass for exports and local and supplies all over the country.
• Borosilicate glass should be identified through its refractive index of 1.474
• Immersing the borosilicate glass within a liquid containing a refractive index of 1.474 will make the glass disappear. Chemical liquids like Mineral oil, dry benzene-methanol mixture at room temperature, and anhydrous glycerol.
• The temperature of a borosilicate glass should be 230℃ if in normal use and at a maximum of 400℃ if used for a short-term
• The borosilicate glass can soften or melt referred to as the softening point is 821℃
Type of borosilicate glass-
• Borosilicate glass 3.3 DIN 7080- properties like; made up of high silica, and high boron oxide, and can withstand strong chemicals. This type of glass does not expand due to heat and can extend up to the temperature of 450℃ and can be able to withstand temperature drops of about -196℃ which makes it eligible to get in contact with liquid nitrogen, thermal shock resistant, therefore they are perfectly known as Heat resistant glass, and therefore this borosilicate glass does not get affected to change it quality property like moisture, acids, alkali, and organic compound.
• Borosilicate glass 4.3- this type of glass is used for purposes like steam and hydrostatic experiments. Properties; should not be thawed more than 100 K, it is recommended not to go below -70℃ but this glass as per the manufacturer’s features can be stable till -196℃, can highly resist different chemical elements, and resist thermal expansion.
Shamboo Scientific Glass Works is a laboratory-based glass manufacturing company which is based in Pooja Vihar, Near Industrial Estate in the city of Ambala, Haryana, India. Our company was established in 2003 and is solely owned by Atul Kumar Sharma. We specializes in making glassware and instruments which are used in scientific laboratories.